the hearts of the people are bigger than the size of the land

curated by Olivia Koh

Presented by RISING Festival

26 May - 30 June, 2021

If a film needed an exotic
backdrop ... Chinatown
could be made to represent
itself or any other
Chinatown in the world.
Even today, it stands in
for the ambiguous Asian

-Bonnie Tsui , American Chinatown (from Interior Chinatown by Charles Yu, 2020)

This curatorial project is entitled ‘the hearts of the people are measured by the size of the land’. I read this line in a book Dictee by artist Theresa Hak Kyung Cha. She was quoting her mother, Hyung Soon Huo who was born as a first-generation Korean exile in Manchuria, China 1922. The family returned to South Korea during World War II before immigrating to the US, they moved to Hawaii before settling in San Francisco.
I started to think about this quote as considering many different subjects (or ‘hearts’) travelling through the same world (or ‘land’). Does a place constitute a subject? Can the ‘hearts of the people’ overcome measurements such as nationality and ethnicity, or are the hearts of those that are designated citizen status doomed to measure the length and width of a nation’s borders?
The quote is taken as a question or low-key provocation for a new project: rather than focusing on the artists’ ethnicity as a key explanation of their identities and works, the project follows different trajectories. How does a culture evolve differently through diasporic practices? What do people carry with them and what do they leave behind? Visually in this exhibition, this often takes the form of a body dancing and moving on a rooftop, a body standing at the ocean’s shoreline in Newfoundland, a body crawling through the chaotic traffic of Manila’s streets in the 1980s.
recess began as an online platform to present works by under-represented local and international artists (previously co-organised by Kate Meakin and Nina Gilbert). recess has teamed with Rising Festival to present 7 artist’s moving image projections in Melbourne’s subcultural hub Chinatown (Little Bourke St, Melbourne) including two installations as a part of Rising’s Golden Square carpark exhibition.
Together, the works begin to invert the quote: the people’s spirit, their individual histories, burdens, stories, cannot be measured from a subject’s affiliation with a nation state, by their citizenship. Like Cha, the presenting artists have a broad range of cultural associations and backgrounds, from Taiwan, The Philippines, China, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Australia, Vietnam, the US, speaking just as many if not more languages and dialects. Moving countries, these artists have settled on First People’s land.
Indeed, trade relationships between Chinese people and Aboriginal Australian people pre-date colonisation, yet since the Gold Rush of the 1850-1890’s, ‘Australia’ has enacted prohibitive bans on Asian people, particularly with the Victorian legislation of the Chinese Immigration Act as early as 1855 that imposed crippling taxes on Chinese immigrants enabling public-sanctioned racism & social segregation. These attitudes have left a mark, evident in public attitudes and economic relations today, evidenced by the loss of business to one of the world’s oldest Chinatowns, from the time of the first outbreak of the COVID pandemic in Wuhan China (long before other businesses in Melbourne were affected).
A digital map of this project helps navigate the viewer’s physical journey through Chinatown. This exhibition continues online as a kind of extensive footnote, where viewers can access the parts of artworks that do not sit physically in Lt. Bourke st, but offer insight into it, such as Jinghua Qian’s podcast on the history of Melbourne's Chinatown. Also presented online are sound and image components of video works by Nikki Lam, Siying Zhou and Rox Lee.
This project takes place on the lands and waters of the the Wurundjeri and Boon wurrung people, those involved in the project pay their respects to Elders past, present and emerging of the Kulin nation. I pay my respects to the Tasmanian Aboriginal communities on whose land and waters I also live and work in nipaluna, lutruwita. I extend this respect to world Indigenous communities as the true custodians on whose land immigrants settle upon.

- Olivia Koh

Jinghua Qian

Jinghua Qian, Chinatown, 2021
In this podcast, Jinghua Qian offers a broken, bite-sized history of Chinatown and its role as the epicentre of a fractured and evolving community.

Audio samples
Nikki Lam, ‘Anchor and a Loose Thread 錨,和懸絲’, two-channel video installation, 2019. Sound design: Supina Bytol and Conor O’Hanlon.
Jay-Dea Lopez, ‘Chinatown, Melbourne’, Sounds Like Noise, 8 October 2011.
Peter Luck, ‘Chinese Australians ambivalent about revolution | RetroFocus’, ABC, 1969. (Accessed via YouTube.)
Cantonese with Brittany, ‘Cantonese vs. Taishanese (ft. Inspirlang)’, YouTube, 30 January 2021.
Inspirlang, ‘Taishanese Tones and Pronunciations (a complete guide to learn how to speak 台山話/Toisan/Hoisanwa)’, YouTube, 30 January 2021.
Nahuatl Tlahtocan, ‘Episode 2: A Linguistic History of Nahuatl’, YouTube, 20 June 2020.
Jess Ho, ‘The End of Chinatown’, 7am, 4 May 2021.
Daniel Keane, ‘Protesters call for wage theft crackdown in Adelaide's Chinatown following alleged assault’, ABC, 6 February 2021.

Further reading
Jinghua Qian, ‘Chinatown: Melbourne’, Culture Trip, 29 June 2020.
Jinghua Qian, ‘Yellow peril isn’t what it used to be’, Meanjin, Summer 2019/2020.
Liam Ward, ‘Radical Chinese labour in Australian history’, Marxist Left Review, No. 10 Winter 2015.
Jinghua Qian, ‘Things and their makers: from “European labour only” to “ethical consumerism”’, Right Now, 8 September 2015.
Full references available on request.

Nikki Lam

Nikki Lam, Anchor and A Loose Thread — 錨,和懸絲 (2019)
This work was originally conceived as a two-channel video installation. A single channel version of the work plays in the Rising Festival and features above. Find more information about the work here.
Dancers: Tso Han-Jie 左涵潔 and Mimi Chang 張心瑜
Sound Design: Supina Bytol and Conor O’Hanlon

This project was created during an artist residency at Pier 2 Art Center, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Supported by Pier 2 Art Center, Bureau of Cultural Affairs, Kaohsiung City Government and Ministry of Culture (Taiwan).

Siying Zhou

Single channel HD video. This video plays without sound in the Rising Festival. Both the video and audio track feature here.

TaiChi shows the images of an aged Chinese man (the artist’s father) performing TaiChi sword exercise with a machete in an open space at Robe, South Australia, the land of Boonadik nation. The machete is wrapped in a cover made of the stubby cooler material. This video is the artist’s response to the incident that her father experienced at the time when he just arrived at Melbourne/Naarm as an immigrant. He innocently offended the Victorian law of carrying weapons in the public space when he did his routine morning TaiChi exercise with a TaiChi sword at a community park. By signifying the contradictions, the soft and the sharp, an exercise and attach, danger and safety, and the local and the foreign, this work questions the meaning of true violence and explores the conflicts created by not only different perceptions of the ways of living, but also everyday living and law enforcement. It foregrounds the dilemma of Australian Asian immigrants between the desire for acceptance from their new homeland and the bitter solutions to change and erase parts of themselves. By showing the location of Robe, the artist overlaps her father’s narrative with the well-known historical narrative about Robe: From 1857 to 1863, 16,500 Chinese people landed at Robe to avoid the high landing fee that the Victorian government imposed to all Chinese arrivals, and took a long journey on foot to the major goldfields in Victoria, such as Ballarat and Bendigo. In the video, the protagonists of two narratives, a modern Chinese immigrant and the Chinese who came in 200 years ago make a silent call to each other across the space of time as the TaiChi movements are unfolded. The exhaustion and the recalcitrant spirit that are attached with the identity of Chinese form a common ground between them on this colonized land called Australia, where they reside ‘now’.

-Siying Zhou

This work initially was exhibited as part of the installation titled we are here for your happiness in the group exhibition Those Monuments Don’t Know Us curated by Andy Butler, shown at Bundoora Homestead Art Centre in 2019. It also was selected in Everything that exists in everything exists in the current curated by Nikki Lam in Due West arts festival 2019.

Rox Lee

Rox Lee (Roque Federizon Lee), Mix One and Two (1990)
16mm positive print converted to 2K. Other works by Rox Lee play in the Golden Square Carpark program at Rising Festival.

Acknowledgements: Arsenal – Institute for Film and Video Art, Berlin

Ang Patuloy Na Kwento ni Juan Gulay ('The Continuing Story of Johnny Veggie') (2019)
Warning: This video contains footage alluding to or recreating a resemblance of violent acts that may distress some viewers.

This online selection serves as footnote to Roxlee's carpark installation. Environmental and social concerns run throughout Rox's career, the stress just differs and alternates per work, with a particularly overt anti-nuclear stance in the 80s Cold War period. The Juan in the Juan series is not a singular character per se. Juan is a stand-in for every one, every John—lots of puns intended. The Juan characters as they appear throughout Rox's body of work highlight different issues and moments in time. These two works are good samplers for Rox's ever-mutable body of work. Rox's tendency for re-working, (self-)sampling and recycling of works is not just an exercise in making the most within your economy of means, but perhaps also a jab at the uniqueness of the singular art object, a practice shared with other Filipino artists, such as filmmaker Kidlat Tahimik—reworking and sampling from your own life and filmmography throughout the years.
-Merv Espina, excerpt of email to Olivia Koh, 2021

To read more on Rox Lee’s life and practice read Merv Espina’s essay here. To view more of Rox's video follow here.
Acknowledgments: This work had its Philippine premiere in 2020 in the Cinema Rehiyon held in Naga City (the birth place of the artist). "Juan Gulay" is a recurring figure in the artist's practice. This video is a sequel to a 35mm film by the artist made in 2002, referenced in this work's title.

Tristan Jalleh

Tristan Jalleh, Transmute Ha Noi (2021)
Single Channel HD video. It plays in the Golden Square Carpark program at Rising Festival.
Objects from antiquity, alongside contemporary objects from Asian street markets, disintegrate and recombine, in an examination of their cultural, symbolic and material value.
Jalleh builds immersive digital environments and virtual installations using his photography combined with
hundreds of images resourced online. The blended aesthetic of video games, architectural design, and
cinema creates densely detailed augmented-hyper-realities that resemble a combination of online and
physical worlds.

Acknowledgments: This video is a new commission presented by Rising Festival.